DSP technology


To play well, a good orchestra needs a skilful conductor. The same is true for a music system with high-quality acoustics. To give you a superb listening experience, every single component within the system needs to be perfectly in tune with all the others. This is why we at sennuopu believe that, when it comes to sound quality, the digital signal processor – the DSP – is the most important element in your car. It’s the conductor of all the signals.

How do we perceive music?

We all have different ways of enjoying music. For one person it’s a good way to relax, while someone else needs it to let off steam. Loud music, soft music – our preferences can vary. Yet it always touches us at a deeper level. Music means emotions, whatever form their expression may take.
Excellence in musical reproduction always involves what is generally known as hi-fi. Anyone who takes even the slightest interest in this area is aware of the elements that create superior sound quality – such as the ideal stereo position, excellent audio dynamics and a good frequency response. We all know the delight of sitting in a perfectly central position between the speakers, enjoying the full breadth of a stereo system.


The driver’s seat as a listening position

Taken by itself, this concept seems to contradict the idea of good sound reproduction in a car, as the listening position is dictated by the design of the vehicle. So when a car manufacturer announces a sound upgrade, it is not usually taken seriously by hi-fi experts. In fact, if the hi-fi system of a car is mentioned in the same breath as “auto tuning”, it tends to raise very few expectations, either emotionally or in terms of the sound system.

Yet we are talking about an audio space that is almost unparalleled, with enormous potential to give pleasure to a discerning listener. After all, it’s so rare these days to have half an hour when you can listen to your favourite music without being disturbed. This factor is set to become even more important once we have driverless cars, where we actually have more time for ourselves. So wouldn’t it be fantastic if your car had a system that doesn’t stand between you and the music, but actually gives you a superb listening experience?

The equipment behind DSP technology


High-end car speakers never develop their full potential in a car because they are physically difficult to install. So good sound quality is pure chance. A DSP processor, however, calibrates all the car hifi components to suit the listener, balancing out any shortcomings. It determines which components play when and at what volume and creates a smooth frequency response. The result is a perfectly aligned musical experience.

Delay correction between the speakers and the listener

This only works, however, if each speaker is at the same physical distance from the listener. If you don’t think that’s important, you are probably underestimating the capacity of the human ear. People are capable of noticing the difference when an object a hundred metres away moves just one metre to the side. If a system is left uncalibrated, what we hear is sound without stereo imaging that does not reproduce a soundstage on the dash – an effect that makes no spatial sense to our ears. The worst-case scenario is that the sound appears to “stick” to the tweeter.

Without first correcting the inevitable delay, it is virtually impossible to create a clean soundstage in a vehicle. Our software allows us to precisely measure the listener’s position at increments of up to 3.5 mm or 0.0105 milliseconds, and at a sampling rate of 96 kHz. As a result, it can calibrate the delay on each of the speakers in such a way that the sound that comes from them reaches your ears at exactly the same time.

It means that voices and instruments do not stick to the tweeter, but occupy the full breadth before the listener, as intended. Each instrument has its exact place, and the majority is reproduced centrally, so that a non-specialist might believe that there is one central speaker in the vehicle.


Frequency response adjusted by digital equalisers

A well-balanced system can faithfully reproduce any music style. This is because sound engineers use calibrated components when recording and mixing the music. So when we reproduce the music in calibrated form, we get as close as possible to the pleasurable listening experience that the sound engineers intended.
This is the point where the digital equaliser takes control of the signals, rectifying any imperfections caused by the installation and creating a homogeneous frequency response across the entire audio range.

Digital crossovers

A speaker only reaches its optimum potential within its own particular frequency range – which is why the tweeter, for instance, is separated from the low frequencies by a crossover. In a conventional system, this is usually achieved by analogue crossovers. Unfortunately, analogue crossovers can only impact the sound to a limited extent if it needs to be optimised. Moreover, a further component is required, which can have a negative impact on the sound and is also subject to tolerances.

This is where the DSP comes in with its digital crossovers. Technically, these are called “active” crossovers, as each speaker needs to be addressed with its own amplifier output stage. As a result, each speaker can be assigned its ideal frequency range without any loss in performance. If the configuration needs to be adjusted, it can be done conveniently, accurately and in real time via the DSP, with each channel allowing a choice of high pass, low pass, band pass and bass boost.